From the early days of the Roman Empire concrete products have been used in construction beginning with the aqueducts that changed the way in which societies are structured and operate. While many aspects of concrete work have changed and remain to keep on evolving through new technological advancements, the basic principles of these early aqueduct systems stay virtually the same. In other words, concrete drainage systems have been built upon over the years rather than innovated to create new methods of drainage.
There are basically two types of concrete drainage systems that are used in today’s modern societies. There are drainage systems to remove and channel rain water and drainage systems that are aimed at the removal of effluent or waste water from buildings and homes in our societies. Each system operates in a different manner and diverts water or effluent to a different location.
For example, drainage systems for the removal of rainwater normally consist of pre-cast concrete products that are used to construct channels and canals. Underground pipeline systems are used for the removal of effluent and are also constructed using a range of pre-cast concrete products that are designed to create the pipeline system.
Each of the concrete products are designed to fit into one another to create an ongoing pipeline or channelling system. However, some extra care needs to be taken with waterproofing the pipeline systems that carry effluent or waste products. This is due to the fact that leaks in these pipe systems can contaminate the immediate environment surrounding the pipelines and have dire consequences. The same care to prevent water becoming contaminated by outside influences is taken for pipeline systems that carry clean water to our homes and other buildings.
Drains are also used to divert water from roads and streets. These drains channel rain water into underground culverts which normally join with the effluent waste. This water is then directed to treatment plants that are designed to remove debris as wells as bacteria and other harmful materials from the water to make it safe for human use and consumption.
Alternatively, rain water that is diverted using canals and culverts can be redirected to more appropriate sites such as dams and rivers. This water is normally used in agriculture or for industrial purposes as it is not always considered safe for human consumption. This is mainly due to pollution and contaminants that have entered the dam water supply through concrete drains or other means. Dam and river water can also be sent to water treatment facilities through pipelines created from concrete products to purify the liquid.
These types of concrete drains are often seen as openings in the side of the curbs to roads and streets. Gutters and channels are used to direct the flow of water into the drains. Apart from diverting rain water to more appropriate areas, the drains fulfil the additional function of preventing floods from occurring in specific areas. A large part of constructing concrete drains, canals, channels and pipelines is for the prevention of floods in specific areas where natural drainage is a concern.
Concrete drains may also resemble open metal grilles that are fitted into roadways and pedestrian walkways to drain away water efficiently. However, water from these drains join the water in the effluent pipelines as it not considered fir for human consumption or to be sent to dams or rivers. This is due to the fact that litter and other materials join the water in the flow to the dam and can cause more contamination than necessary to the water. Concrete products for pipelines, canals and culverts take this into account and are highly resistant to erosion that could be caused by this type of debris moving through the water.
Naucrete Road products is part of the Naucrete Group. Please do no hesitate to contact us for more information.